Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

What is RA?

RA is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that attacks the membrane lining of the joints, which control the movements among the bones. Hence, the immune system impacts the joins tissues; joints became warm, swollen, and stiff1.




RA treatments include pain managements and also medications, which minimizes the inflammation such as Corticosteroids1. Moreover, physical therapy helps the joints to be adjustable by training 2.  In case the medications and therapy failed to reduce the pain and improve the quality of life, joint repair surgery will be conditioned2

  • Swollen joints2

  • Stiff joints

  • Fatigue

  • Fever.


  1. "Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis." National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Apr. 2017. Web. 25 July 2017.

  2. Mayo Clinic Staff. "Rheumatoid arthritis." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 18 Mar. 2016. Web. 25 July 2017.

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